Peters, Warren & Brown Lead Colleagues in Call to Protect CFPB Public Consumer Complaint Database
Move by Mulvaney to Restrict Access to Database Would Harm Consumers
WASHINGTON, DC – U.S. Senators Gary Peters (D-MI), Elizabeth Warren (D-MA) and Sherrod Brown (D-OH) led 32 of their colleagues in urging the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) to preserve public access to the Bureau’s Consumer Complaint Database. Last month, Office of Management and Budget Director Mick Mulvaney stated he wanted to shut down the important consumer protection tool that allows consumers to file public complaints, resolve issues and make informed decisions when using financial services.
“The CFPB was created to stand up for consumers and empower them with the information they need to make informed decisions in the financial marketplace,” wrote the Senators. “A transparent complaint database creates the right incentives for financial institutions to follow the rules and treat consumers fairly where there’s a dispute.”
The Senators continued: “This is how the CFPB is supposed to work – it is supposed to level the playing field and empower consumers to make informed financial decisions. The public nature of the database is essential to making this system work. We support strengthening CFPB’s tools, but restricting access hurts consumers.”
Since its creation in 2011, the Consumer Complaint Database has logged more than 1.1 million complaints about financial products or services, and 97 percent have received a response within 15 days. The database also provides critical information to advocates, businesses and policymakers to identify problems and support enforcement actions if needed.
Peters, Warren and Brown were joined in sending the letter by U.S. Senators Tammy Baldwin (D-WI), Michael Bennet (D-CO), Richard Blumenthal (D-CT), Cory Booker (D-NJ), Ben Cardin (D-MD), Bob Casey (D-PA), Catherine Cortez Masto (D-NV), Tammy Duckworth (D-IL), Dick Durbin (D-IL), Dianne Feinstein (D-CA), Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY), Kamala Harris (D-CA), Maggie Hassan (D-NH), Mazie Hirono (D-HI), Patrick Leahy (D-VT), Edward Markey (D-MA), Bob Menendez (D-NJ), Jeff Merkley (D-OR), Chris Murphy (D-CT), Patty Murray (D-WA), Bill Nelson (D-FL), Jack Reed (D-RI), Bernie Sanders (I-VT), Brian Schatz (D-HI), Jeanne Shaheen (D-NH), Tina Smith (D-MN), Debbie Stabenow (D-MI), Tom Udall (D-NM), Chris Van Hollen (D-MD), Mark Warner (D-VA), Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI) and Ron Wyden (D-OR).
The text of the letter is copied below and available here.
May 18, 2018
Dear Acting Director English and Director Mulvaney:
We write to express concern about Mr. Mulvaney’s April 24, 2018 remarks to the American Bankers Association where he announced that the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) may eliminate public access to the Bureau’s Consumer Complaint Database. This database allows consumers to report problems they are facing with a financial institution, gives the company an opportunity to respond to both the consumer and the CFPB, makes the data accessible to the public so that individuals and businesses can make more informed decisions, and supports enforcement action when appropriate.
The CFPB was created to stand up for consumers and empower them with the information they need to make informed decisions in the financial marketplace. The CFPB’s consumer database is the cornerstone of these efforts. In the CFPB’s own words, “[by] submitting a complaint, consumers can be heard by financial companies, get help with their own issues, and help others avoid similar ones.” It allows individual consumers who find an unexplained $10 fee on their credit card bill to ask for the CFPB’s help in getting answers -- and maybe some relief. Consumers have submitted more than 1.1 million complaints and 97% of them have received a response within 15 days.
The consumer complaint system is successful because the complaints are transparent and reviewable by the public. A transparent complaint database creates the right incentives for financial institutions to follow the rules and treat consumers fairly where there’s a dispute. Companies use the data to conduct due diligence on potential partners to make sure their customers won’t be cheated. Researchers, advocates, and policymakers can track the difficulties consumers face in real time. And most importantly, patterns of complaints allow consumers to make more informed decisions in the financial marketplace.
This is how the CFPB is supposed to work – it is supposed to level the playing field and empower consumers to make informed financial decisions. The public nature of the database is essential to making this system work. We support strengthening CFPB’s tools, but restricting access hurts consumers.
We urge you to maintain public access to the consumer complaint database. Should you decide to end public access to the information, we request an explanation of any proposed changes, a detailed accounting of your justification, and a copy of any analysis you undertook in support of your decision. The protection, education, and empowerment of consumers should be at the forefront of any changes and decisions made at the CFPB. None of these objectives can justify taking down the database.
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